History[ edit ] The term union dates qmjadhat to the British legislation titled the Village Chowkidari Act which established union panchayets for collecting tax to maintain Chowkidars village police in Bengal. Later the rural layer of the local government became known as union councils.
After Independence inthe name of the Union Council was changed to Union Panchayet and an administrator was appointed to manage the affairs of the Panchayet. Inunion panchayat's name reverted to union parishad.
A more ificant change was brought about in through the Local Government Ordinance which provided for a Union Parishad composed of one elected chairman and nine elected members, two nominated women members and two peasant representative members. A major change was initiated through the introduction of the Local Chta Union Parishad Ordinance in The present law dealing with the Union Councils, i.
The chairman and members are elected by direct election on the basis of adult franchise every five years. Three reserved women members, one for each three Sdx, are also elected by direct election.
The chairman and Member candidates must be Bangladeshi citizens having their names in the electoral roll of the respective Union or Ward. Majority Members of a Union Council may bring a mibile of no confidence against a member or chairman to the Upazila Nirbahi Officer.
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Powers and functions[ edit ] Every Union Parishad is a body corporate, having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power to acquire and hold property. The functions with which the Union Parish are entrusted by law include the following:  Chxt of law and order and assistance to administration for this purpose. Adoption and implementation of development schemes in the fields of local economy and society. Performing administrative and establishment functions.
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Providing public welfare services. Citizen charter[ edit ] Every Union Council is required to publish a citizen amjahat describing all the services it provides.
The charter includes description, timing, pricing, procedures and the conditions for the services. The remedies for non-compliance with the charter by the council or any individual is also mentioned in the charter itself.
These crimes include evasion of Union tax or fine, polluting environment, obstruction to public passage, failure to quarantine, prostitution business etc. The chairman and members work full-time and receive honorarium from the government. Archived from the original PDF on 17 April Retrieved 24 March Bangladesh National Portal.
Bangladesh Code. Ministry of Law, Government of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 28 September Local Government Engineering Department, Bangladesh.